People

Monica Hwang is a counsel in King & Spalding’s Houston Global Transactions Practice Group. Her practice focuses on advising project developers and energy companies on structuring and commercial matters. Before becoming a lawyer, Ms. Hwang worked in various sectors of the energy industry, including upstream production, gas processing and wholesale and retail energy trading. In particular, she has extensive natural gas futures and financial derivatives experience as a risk manager and a trading analyst at various trading floors at major energy companies. She is fluent in Mandarin Chinese.

Publications and Speeches

Updates on LNG Contracting, BAML LNG Conference (March 2019)

LNG Contracting Structures, UT Gas & Power Institute (September 2018)

The Shift Away from Take-or-Pay Contracts in LNG, K&S Energy Newsletter (September 2017) (co-authored with Dan Rogers)

Structuring LNG Tolling Agreements, Strafford webinar (2017)

How Latin American LNG Markets and U.S. Exports are Reshaping the LNG Market, International Mining and Oil & Gas Law, Development, and Investment (2015) (co-authored with Vera De Gyarfas)

Top 10 Questions Facing the LNG Industry in 2015, Energy Law 360 (February 2015) (co-authored with Philip R. Weems)

LNG Development & Pitfalls on the Regulatory Side, Houston Marine Insurance, Houston, TX (September 2014)

Natural Gas Sales Agreements and LNG Project Developments, part of International Oil & Gas Law, Contracts and Negotiations Short Course: Part 2, Houston, TX (November 2013)

Overview of Issues Common to Structuring, Negotiating and Documenting LNG Projects, Journal of World Energy Law & Business (October 2013) (co-authored with Philip R. Weems) – Winner of 2014 Burton Award for Distinguished Legal Writing

Evaluating LNG Project Risk: Introducing the Kerogen LNG Project Success Index, AIPN-YN Breakfast Speaker Series, Houston, TX (June 26, 2013) (co-presenter with Vivek Chandra of Kerogen Consultants)

U.S. LNG Export Projects: Regulatory Outlook and Contracting Mechanisms, 8 Tex. J. Oil Gas & Energy L. (2012-2013) (co-authored with Kenneth S. Culotta and Matt Salo)

Workshop:  Asian LNG Sale and Purchase Agreements, co-presented for an international E&P company (April 2011)

Full Bio

Credentials

J.D., University of Houston Law Center

B.B.A., The University of Texas at Austin, cum laude

Texas

Mandarin Chinese

Taiwanese

Matters

Liquefied Natural Gas

Advising two LNG projects under development in western Canada

Advised NextDecade on its LNG marketing efforts, including the drafting of the announced 2 MTPA sales agreement with Shell

Represent Mozambique in the drafting and negotiation of LNG sales agreements with buyers, including the announced innovative 2.6 MTPA agreement with Tokyo Gas and Centrica

See more
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Matters

Liquefied Natural Gas

Advising two LNG projects under development in western Canada

Advised NextDecade on its LNG marketing efforts, including the drafting of the announced 2 MTPA sales agreement with Shell

Represent Mozambique in the drafting and negotiation of LNG sales agreements with buyers, including the announced innovative 2.6 MTPA agreement with Tokyo Gas and Centrica

Represent a project developer in the negotiation of LNG supply, gas sales and project documents in connection with a proposed LNG import joint venture in the Caribbean

Advise sellers in the drafting and negotiation of LNG SPAs for the Tortue LNG project in Africa

Advising an oil major in gas supply and project use arrangements in connection with the Alaska LNG project 

Advised a producer in the negotiation of feed gas supply arrangements for a large-scale LNG project on the Gulf Coast

Advised a small-scale LNG project in connection with the procurement of feed gas supplies

Represent Freeport LNG in the drafting and negotiation of liquefaction tolling agreements in connection with all three LNG trains, as well as related project structuring documents

Represent the developer of a LNG peaking facility in the drafting and negotiation of precedent agreement for LNG liquefaction and delivery services and other project documents

Advised EOG and Encana in connection with project structuring and documentation for the Kitimat LNG project in Canada

Represented an E&P company in the drafting and negotiations of joint operating agreements and related documents for the Wheatstone LNG project in Australia

Advised a project company in the drafting of agreements with local governmental entities for the procurement of security resources for its LNG terminal

Advised a project company in the drafting and negotiation of a terminal use agreement for a proposed LNG terminal

Advised a U.S. utility company in its development of strategies to procure additional natural gas supplies, including by way of LNG importation

Midstream

Represented Sendero in the negotiation of raw product delivery and processing agreements with Targa

Advised USD Partners in the drafting and negotiations of crude rail terminalling arrangements with ConocoPhillips in connection with its acquisition and restart of the Stroud terminal in Oklahoma

Represented a private equity firm in its acquisition of an option to purchase all rights to develop a gas storage project in Louisiana

Represented a major oil company in the drafting and negotiation of a transportation services agreement in a proposed new crude oil pipeline

Represented a joint venture in the development of the Texas Offshore Port System, an offshore crude oil terminal

Upstream Oil and Gas

Advised an Australian company in its acquisition of oil and gas leases in the United States

Represented a U.S. company in its acquisition of oil and gas interests in Europe, including the drafting of joint operating agreement

Represented Tiway Oil AS in connection with its acquisition from Toreador Resources Corporation of its Turkish subsidiary, Toreador Turkey Ltd, which has interests in both producing and exploration oil and gas acreage, onshore and offshore Turkey

Advised in respect of the acquisition of interests in contiguous exploration acreage offshore Tunisia and Italy, including conducting due diligence required by the client for new country entry, and drafting and negotiating the farmin and joint venture documents

Represented an international E&P company in its acquisition of interests in leases located in the Gulf of Mexico and a collaborative exploration agreement with a major U.S. oil company

Represented an international consortium regarding a development and production sharing agreement, joint operating agreement and related upstream agreements for the further development of the Bahrain Field

Alternative and Renewable Energy

Represented a global package delivery company in the drafting and negotiation of agreements for the sale and purchase of verified emissions reduction credits

Advised the U.S. subsidiary of a global metals manufacturer in the preparation of an application for a DOE loan guarantee and related financing matters

Represented Millennium Energy Holdings in the sale of its largest unregulated energy investment and related agreement to share certain proceeds derived from the marketing of certified emission reduction credits under the Kyoto Protocol

Represented CAES Development Company, LLC in the sale of all rights in a compressed air energy storage (CAES) project to FirstEnergy Generation Corp.

Advised a utility company on Texas law issues and transactional documents in connection with the acquisition of a 150-MW wind farm

Represented a power-generation company in the purchase of a Guatemalan company holding a concession and other rights for the development of a 29MW hydroelectric power plant

Other

Represented various clients, including a manufacturer, in the drafting and negotiation of ISDA master agreements, with a focus on ISDA master agreements for commodity hedges

Represented a European client in its acquisition of a Mexican real estate company

Represented a client in the development of a petrochemical plant in the Middle East

Advised an international consulting company in the petroleum and natural gas laws of the United States, Brazil and Spain with a focus on energy security policies

Advising a professional sports team in connection with its marketing and sponsorship agreements, as well as leases and event services agreements.

Insights

Thought Leadership · Source: Petroleum Economist

September 17, 2019
The Emerging Price Offerings From Second Wave U.S. LNG Projects: Perspectives From Sellers and Buyers

Newsletter

June 4, 2018
Energy Newsletter - June 2018

Energy Law Exchange

September 13, 2017
The Shift Away from Take-or-Pay Contracts in LNG

View all

Matters

Liquefied Natural Gas

Advising two LNG projects under development in western Canada

Advised NextDecade on its LNG marketing efforts, including the drafting of the announced 2 MTPA sales agreement with Shell

Represent Mozambique in the drafting and negotiation of LNG sales agreements with buyers, including the announced innovative 2.6 MTPA agreement with Tokyo Gas and Centrica

See more
Icon close

Close

Matters

Liquefied Natural Gas

Advising two LNG projects under development in western Canada

Advised NextDecade on its LNG marketing efforts, including the drafting of the announced 2 MTPA sales agreement with Shell

Represent Mozambique in the drafting and negotiation of LNG sales agreements with buyers, including the announced innovative 2.6 MTPA agreement with Tokyo Gas and Centrica

Represent a project developer in the negotiation of LNG supply, gas sales and project documents in connection with a proposed LNG import joint venture in the Caribbean

Advise sellers in the drafting and negotiation of LNG SPAs for the Tortue LNG project in Africa

Advising an oil major in gas supply and project use arrangements in connection with the Alaska LNG project 

Advised a producer in the negotiation of feed gas supply arrangements for a large-scale LNG project on the Gulf Coast

Advised a small-scale LNG project in connection with the procurement of feed gas supplies

Represent Freeport LNG in the drafting and negotiation of liquefaction tolling agreements in connection with all three LNG trains, as well as related project structuring documents

Represent the developer of a LNG peaking facility in the drafting and negotiation of precedent agreement for LNG liquefaction and delivery services and other project documents

Advised EOG and Encana in connection with project structuring and documentation for the Kitimat LNG project in Canada

Represented an E&P company in the drafting and negotiations of joint operating agreements and related documents for the Wheatstone LNG project in Australia

Advised a project company in the drafting of agreements with local governmental entities for the procurement of security resources for its LNG terminal

Advised a project company in the drafting and negotiation of a terminal use agreement for a proposed LNG terminal

Advised a U.S. utility company in its development of strategies to procure additional natural gas supplies, including by way of LNG importation

Midstream

Represented Sendero in the negotiation of raw product delivery and processing agreements with Targa

Advised USD Partners in the drafting and negotiations of crude rail terminalling arrangements with ConocoPhillips in connection with its acquisition and restart of the Stroud terminal in Oklahoma

Represented a private equity firm in its acquisition of an option to purchase all rights to develop a gas storage project in Louisiana

Represented a major oil company in the drafting and negotiation of a transportation services agreement in a proposed new crude oil pipeline

Represented a joint venture in the development of the Texas Offshore Port System, an offshore crude oil terminal

Upstream Oil and Gas

Advised an Australian company in its acquisition of oil and gas leases in the United States

Represented a U.S. company in its acquisition of oil and gas interests in Europe, including the drafting of joint operating agreement

Represented Tiway Oil AS in connection with its acquisition from Toreador Resources Corporation of its Turkish subsidiary, Toreador Turkey Ltd, which has interests in both producing and exploration oil and gas acreage, onshore and offshore Turkey

Advised in respect of the acquisition of interests in contiguous exploration acreage offshore Tunisia and Italy, including conducting due diligence required by the client for new country entry, and drafting and negotiating the farmin and joint venture documents

Represented an international E&P company in its acquisition of interests in leases located in the Gulf of Mexico and a collaborative exploration agreement with a major U.S. oil company

Represented an international consortium regarding a development and production sharing agreement, joint operating agreement and related upstream agreements for the further development of the Bahrain Field

Alternative and Renewable Energy

Represented a global package delivery company in the drafting and negotiation of agreements for the sale and purchase of verified emissions reduction credits

Advised the U.S. subsidiary of a global metals manufacturer in the preparation of an application for a DOE loan guarantee and related financing matters

Represented Millennium Energy Holdings in the sale of its largest unregulated energy investment and related agreement to share certain proceeds derived from the marketing of certified emission reduction credits under the Kyoto Protocol

Represented CAES Development Company, LLC in the sale of all rights in a compressed air energy storage (CAES) project to FirstEnergy Generation Corp.

Advised a utility company on Texas law issues and transactional documents in connection with the acquisition of a 150-MW wind farm

Represented a power-generation company in the purchase of a Guatemalan company holding a concession and other rights for the development of a 29MW hydroelectric power plant

Other

Represented various clients, including a manufacturer, in the drafting and negotiation of ISDA master agreements, with a focus on ISDA master agreements for commodity hedges

Represented a European client in its acquisition of a Mexican real estate company

Represented a client in the development of a petrochemical plant in the Middle East

Advised an international consulting company in the petroleum and natural gas laws of the United States, Brazil and Spain with a focus on energy security policies

Advising a professional sports team in connection with its marketing and sponsorship agreements, as well as leases and event services agreements.

Insights

Thought Leadership · Source: Petroleum Economist

September 17, 2019
The Emerging Price Offerings From Second Wave U.S. LNG Projects: Perspectives From Sellers and Buyers

Newsletter

June 4, 2018
Energy Newsletter - June 2018

Energy Law Exchange

September 13, 2017
The Shift Away from Take-or-Pay Contracts in LNG

View all

Credentials

J.D., University of Houston Law Center

B.B.A., The University of Texas at Austin, cum laude

Texas

Mandarin Chinese

Taiwanese