COVID-19 Executive Orders

COVID-19 Executive Orders

Alabama

Overview: Alabama’s stay-at-home order expired April 30, 2020, and restrictions have been eased with social distancing and cleaning requirements imposed until July 31, 2020 at 5:00 P.M.

Key Terms:

  • Alabama’s stay-at-home order expired April 30, 2020, with remaining restrictions in effect through July 31, 2020.
  • Most businesses may reopen, subject to social distancing and cleaning requirements, including:
    • regularly disinfecting frequently touched surfaces (when practicable;
    • maintaining a consistent six-foot distance between persons (when practicable); and
    • certain retailers are limited to occupancy of no more than 50% of normal occupancy load as determined by the fire marshal.
  • Effective April 30, 2020, at 5:00 p.m., dental, medical, or surgical procedures may proceed unless prohibited by the State Health Officer.
  • On May 11, 2020, restaurants, bars, and, as of May 21, 2020, nightclubs may allow on-premises consumption of food or drink, but they must limit party size to no more than eight persons and maintain at least six feet of separation between tables.
  • Governor Ivey’s and the Dep’t of Public Health’s orders can be found here.

Alaska

Overview: Governor Dunleavy rescinded Alaska’s stay-at-home mandate and updated the state’s intrastate travel order on May 22, 2020. The state’s interstate travel order was updated June 3, 2020, with updates taking effect June 6, 2020.

Key Terms:  

  • Governor Dunleavy has issued a guidance stating that all businesses may reopen on May 22, 2020, with only advisories (rather than mandates) encouraging businesses to follow social distancing and hygienic guidelines.
  • All people arriving in Alaska are required to self-quarantine for 14 days and to be monitored for illness. On June 6, 2020, interstate travelers (other than critical infrastructure employees) arriving in Alaska, rather than quarantine for 14 days, may instead:
    • provide proof that they tested negative for the coronavirus within 72 hours before arrival;
    • provide proof that they tested negative within five days of their arrival, obtain testing upon their arrival, and minimize contact with others until the results are received; or
    • may submit to testing upon arrival and quarantine while awaiting test results.
    • All travelers that pre-test or submit to testing upon arrival must also obtain a second test within 7 to 14 days of arrival.
  • All in-state travel between communities that are not part of the “Road System” or “Marine Highway System” (as defined in the order) may be restricted by local communities unless the travel is for essential services, critical infrastructure, or critical personal needs.
  • Governor Dunleavy’s orders can be accessed here.

Arizona

Overview: Arizona’s stay-at-home order expired May 16, 2020. Following a surge in coronavirus cases, Governor Ducey reinstated restrictions for certain businesses June 29, 2020, effective immediately, to be reconsidered every two weeks after July 27, 2020.

Key Terms:

  • Arizona allowed its stay-at-home order to expire May 16, 2020, at 12:00 a.m. Certain restrictions remain in place.
  • Businesses must implement cleaning and social distancing policies based on guidance from the CDC, Department of Labor, OSHA, and ADHS to limit and mitigate the spread of COVID-19.
  • On June 17, 2020, Governor Ducey permitted local governments to require face coverings in public. Several cities and counties have required such measures, and others are likely to follow suit.
  • On June 30, 2020, Governor Ducey ordered the closure of bars, gyms, theatres, and water parks, and prohibited public gatherings of more than fifty people until at least July 27, 2020.
  • Governor Ducey’s executive orders are available for download here.

Municipal:

Arkansas

Overview: Arkansas is no longer under a stay-at-home order.

Key Terms:

  • Arkansas has no stay-at-home order and entered “Phase 2” of its reopening plan on June 15, 2020.
  • All businesses, manufacturers, and construction companies must implement social distancing and hygienic requirements.
  • Governor Hutchinson’s orders may be found here. Department of Health directives may be found here.

California

Overview: Governor Newsom issued a stay-at-home order March 19, 2020, effective immediately, currently effective until further notice. Many counties in California have issued their own specific guidance.

Key Terms:

  • California is currently under a state-wide stay-at-home order, which was modified May 8, 2020, to permit gradual reopening in accordance with California’s plan to reopen.
  • California currently permits essential businesses to keep physical operations open, including those (i) exempted under the CISA Guidelines, and (ii) designated by the California State Public Health Officer.
  • California does not specify whether non-essential businesses may continue to maintain minimum basic operations.
  • As of May 8, 2020, California moved into Stage 2 of reopening, allowing gradual reopening of lower-risk workplaces, including retail (curbside and delivery only), related logistics and manufacturing, office workplaces (when telework not possible), limited personal services, outdoor museums, child care and essential businesses, with modifications.
  • Counties can apply to move more quickly through Stage 2, permitting indoor dining, in-person retail and indoor entertainment in such counties. Indoor dining and indoor entertainment that had previously been permitted in certain counties has now bene prohibited due to increased community spread of COVID-19.
  • As of June 18, 2020, individuals are required to wear face coverings in public.
  • Social distancing is required to be maintained at all times.
  • California has not imposed travel restrictions or restrictions on incoming travelers.
  • Governor Newsom’s orders are available here. Additional resources related to workplace compliance are available here. Additional resources related to reopening are available here.

Municipal: County specific guidance is available here.

Colorado

Overview: Colorado’s stay-at-home order expired April 26, 2020, and was replaced with a safer-at-home order currently extended through July 30, 2020. Governor Polis recently rolled back reopening efforts, closing bars July 1, 2020, through July 31, 2020.

Key Terms:

  • Colorado’s “safer at home” order has been extended through July 30, 2020.
  • All public and private gatherings are limited to no
  • more than ten people, except as permitted in Public Health Order 20-28,  which allows for Necessary Activities.
  • People at risk of severe illness are encouraged to stay at home except to seek medical care. People at risk of severe illness cannot be compelled to work for any business or government function, including a Critical Business or Critical Government Function.
  • Critical Businesses and Critical Government Functions may continue, subject to social distancing requirements.
  • Businesses must follow protocols established by the Dep’t of Public Health, including symptom screening and temperature check stations, closure of common areas, cleaning protocols, and mandatory social distancing requirements.
  • Bars, previously allowed to reopen, must close July 1, 2020.
  • All Coloradans should wear masks when in public.
  • Governor Polis’s orders and Public Health Orders are available here.

Municipal: 

Connecticut

Overview: Connecticut’s stay-at-home order expired May 20, 2020. On May 18, 2020, Governor Lamont issued an order detailing Phase 1 of Connecticut’s reopening plan, effective immediately and for the duration of the public health and civil preparedness emergency.

Key Terms:

  • As of May 20, 2020, restaurants (outdoor only), retail, offices (work from home to continue if possible), museums and zoos and outdoor recreation were permitted to reopen, subject to Phase 1 guidelines.
  • As of June 17, 2020, hotels and indoor dining (among others) will be permitted to reopen subject to Phase 2 guidelines.
  • Social distancing is required to be maintained by
    • workplaces, which are required to comply with applicable reopening guidelines;
    • workplaces, which are required to develop and implement practices for social distancing;
    • retail businesses, which are required to limit occupancy to 50%, install Plexiglas shields, provide employees with face coverings, require customers to wear face coverings and take other protective measures; and
    • individuals, who have been ordered to wear face coverings.
  • As of June 25, 2020, incoming travelers from states with significant community spread of COVID-19 are required to quarantine for 14 days. The list of such states, which is subject to change based on the data, is available here.
  • Governor Lamont’s orders are available here. Additional resources related to workplace compliance are available here. Additional resources related to reopening are available here.

Delaware

Overview: Delaware’s stay-at-home order ended May 31, 2020, with a reopening plan now in place.

Key Terms: 

  • Delaware is currently under a state-wide stay-at-home order and has outlined a plan to begin Phase 1 of reopening June 1, 2020. Delaware is entered Phase 2 of reopening June 15, 2020 and was expected to enter Phase 3 of reopening on Monday June 29, 2020, though reopening has been delayed due to recent data.
  • As of June 1, 2020, restaurants, retail, malls, hair, gyms, realty, casinos and childcare have been permitted to reopen with modifications.
  • As of June 15, 2020, restaurants and retail will be permitted to increase indoor capacity to 60%.
  • Social distancing is required to be maintained by
    • workplaces, which are required to develop and implement practices for social distancing and are required to provide face coverings; and
    • individuals, who have been required to wear face coverings.
  • Delaware had imposed restrictions on incoming travelers, which expired June 1, 2020.
  • Governor Carney’s orders are available here. Additional resources related to workplace compliance are available here.

District of Columbia

Overview: Mayor Bowser’s stay-at-home order from March 24, 2020, was lifted May 29, 2020.

Key Terms: 

  • As of May 29, 2020, D.C. entered Phase 1 of its plan to reopen, which permitted offices (work from home encouraged), hotels, construction, restaurants (outdoor seating only), non-essential retail (curbside pick-up only) and hair services (by appointment only) to reopen with modifications.
  • As of June 22, 2020, D.C. entered Phase 2 of its plan to reopen, which permitted indoor dining and in-store non-essential retail to reopen with modifications.
  • Social distancing is required to be maintained by
    • workplaces, which are required to develop and implement practices for social distancing;
    • retail food sellers, which are required to limit occupancy, install Plexiglas shields, provide employees with face coverings, require customers to wear face coverings and take other protective measures; and
    • individuals, who have been ordered to wear face coverings in retail food sellers.
  • D.C. has not imposed travel restrictions or restrictions on incoming travelers.
  • Mayor Bowser’s orders are available here. Additional resources related to workplace compliance are available here.

Florida

Overview: Florida’s stay-at-home order has been eased effective June 5, 2020.  Governor DeSantis issued an order March 23, 2020, regarding travelers’ quarantine, effective 12:01 a.m. on March 24, 2020, currently extended indefinitely.

Key Terms:

  • Florida was previously under a statewide stay-at-home order (and amendment), but has eased restrictions as discussed below.
  • On May 18, 2020, restaurants and retail shops may reopen in all counties. Restaurants and retail shops may also increase their indoor capacity from 25% to 50%. Restaurants need not keep parties 6 feet apart to the extent appropriate partitioning is in place.
  • On June 5, 2020, entertainment venues including movie theatres and auditoriums may open at 50% capacity, subject to social distancing requirements. Nightclubs must remain closed.
  • Essential service establishments shall continue to adopt reasonable measures to ensure the sanitation of premises and items that may come into contact with employees and the public and shall take reasonable action to ensure that people adhere to the CDC’s social distancing guidelines.
  • Elective medical procedures may resume on May 4, 2020.
  • The Secretary of the Department of Business and Professional Regulation ordered bars closed as of June 26, 2020.
  • Individuals who travel to Florida from areas with substantial community spread, including New York, New Jersey and Connecticut still must self-isolate or quarantine for 14 days upon entering – except for persons involved in commercial activity or students traveling for the purpose of academic work or other activities listed in the order.
  • Governor DeSantis’s orders are available here.

Municipal:

Georgia

Overview: Georgia’s stay-at-home order expired April 30, 2020.

Key Terms:

  • Individuals at high-risk for serious illness remain under a stay-at-home order with exceptions for participating in Essential Services, performing Necessary Travel, employment, or minimum necessary activities to maintain the value of a business.
  • Detailed social distancing, occupancy, and cleaning requirements for various types of businesses are set forth in the second executive order of June 29, 2020, effective through July 15, 2020. Governor Kemp’s orders are available here.

Hawaii

Overview: Hawaii’s emergency declaration order has been extended through July 31, 2020, with intrastate travel orders being lifted on June 16, 2020, and interstate travel orders extended through July 31, 2020.

Key Terms:

  • Hawaii currently permits individuals to leave their residences to engage in essential activities, essential businesses, minimum basic operations of non-essential businesses, and critical infrastructure sectors (as identified on the CISA website) and as further designated by the order or the state Director of Emergency Management Agency. Individuals may also travel to and from businesses permitted by the order.
  • All businesses other than large venues and clubs may reopen if they implement social distancing requirements and “Safe Practices” including: keeping workers six feet apart; making hand sanitizer and sanitizing products readily available; and maintaining separate operating hours for elderly and high-risk customers. Gatherings of more than ten people are prohibited.
  • All individuals travelling to Hawaii must self-quarantine for two weeks.
  • Governor Ige announced that, beginning August 1, 2020, interstate travelers may avoid quarantine if they test negative for the coronavirus within 72 hours of travel. That order has not yet issued.
  • Governor Ige’s orders are available here.

Idaho

Overview: Idaho rescinded its “stay healthy” order June 11, 2020 and issued guidelines for moving to Phase 4 of its reopening plan on June 13, 2020.

Key Terms:

  • Idaho, previously under a statewide stay-at-home order, lifted restrictions on all businesses as it moved to Phase 4 of its reopening plan. Governor Little announced that Idaho would remain in Phase 4 through at least July 10, 2020, although that phase had been set to expire on June 26, 2020.
  • Businesses should comply with sanitation and social distancing guidelines, including maintaining six-foot social distancing for both employees and members of the public.
  • Ada County returned to Phase 3 of Idaho’s reopening plan on June 23, 2020, meaning all nightclubs, bars, and large venues must close; gatherings of more than 50 people not allowed; and out-of-state visitors are required to self-quarantine for 14 days.
  • Local health districts and mayors may impose restrictions that are stricter than the state-wide orders.
  • Updates regarding Idaho’s COVID-19 response can be found here.

Municipal: Ada County

Illinois

Overview: Governor Pritzker’s stay-at-home order was replaced by a relaxed version April 30, 2020, effective May 1, 2020, through May 31, 2020. The stay-at-home order was replaced with Phase 3 reopening guidelines on May 29, 2020

Key Terms: 

  • As of May 29, 2020, Illinois entered Phase 3 of its reopening plan, which permitted manufacturing, non-essential businesses and offices (telework encouraged), restaurants (outdoor seating only), personal care services, fitness centers and retail to reopen with modifications specified in the Phase 3 order and detailed in industry specific guidelines.
  • As of June 26, 2020, Illinois entered Phase 4 of its reopening plan, which permitted health and fitness, movies and theater, museums and zoos, and indoor dining at restaurants to reopen with modifications detailed in industry specific guidelines.
  • Social distancing is required to be maintained by
    • businesses, which are required to provide employees face coverings and comply with safety measures specified in the Phase 3 order and detailed in industry specific guidelines; and
    • individuals, who are required to wear face coverings.
  • Illinois has not imposed travel restrictions or restrictions on incoming travelers.
  • Governor Pritzker’s orders are available here. Additional resources related to workplace compliance are available here.

Indiana

Overview: On May 1, 2020, Governor Holcomb announced a plan to get Indiana “Back on Track.” Beginning at 11:59 p.m. on July 3, 2020, until 11:50 p.m. on July 17, 2020, Indiana will be in Stage 4.5 of that plan.

Key Terms: 

  • On June 11, 2020, Governor Holcomb issued an order moving Indiana into Stage Four of its reopening plan. On July 1, 2020, Governor Holcomb issued an order moving Indiana into Stage 4.5 of its reopening plan.
  • Individuals are still encouraged to stay home as much as practicable and to maintain social distancing.
  • Business must implement safeguards such as employee health screening and to designate social distancing, but retail are allowed to open at 100% occupancy. In-person dining is limited to 75% occupancy.
  • Fairs, festivals, parades, places of public amusement, and conventions may resume but are subject to gathering limitations.
  • Governor Holcomb’s orders are available here.

Iowa

Overview: Iowa has further eased restrictions on businesses effective June 12, 2020, with certain social distancing requirements extended through July 25, 2020.

Key Terms:

  • Most businesses (e.g., restaurants, bars, fitness centers, malls, movie theatres, casinos, and retail establishments) may reopen statewide, subject to cleaning and social distancing requirements, including maintaining six feet of distance between parties.
  • Governor Reynolds’ orders are available here (through links embedded in official press releases).

Kansas

Overview: Kansas’s stay-at-home order expired May 3, 2020. On April 30, 2020, Governor Kelly announced, “Ad Astra: A Plan to Reopen Kansas.”

Key Terms: 

  • Kansas’s Ad Astra phased plan to reopen the state “set[s] the regulatory baseline in each phase of the framework,” subject to additional restrictions imposed by local governments.
  • Beginning June 8, 2020, Kansas moved into Phase Three, with a mass gathering limit of 45 individuals. On-site staffing for employers may resume and nonessential travel is allowed. On June 22, 2020, Govenor Kelly recommended that Kansas remain in Phase 3.
  • Counties may continue to impose additional restrictions.
  • Governor Kelly’s orders and FAQs are available here.

Municipalities: 

Kentucky

Overview: Governor Beshear issued an order on May 8, 2020, effective May 11, 2020, which provides for a “Healthy at Work” plan to reopening Kentucky.

Key Terms: 

  • Governor Beshear’s “Healthy at Work” order continues to encourage residents to stay home, but provides that additional businesses will be allowed to reopen over time beginning May 11, 2020, including manufacturing, distribution, and supply chain businesses; construction; and office-based businesses (limited to 50% of pre-pandemic capacity).
  • The full timeline and list of businesses allowed to reopen is continually updated and available online.
  • Businesses closed due to COVID-19 that are not yet scheduled to reopen may submit reopen proposals via an online application.
  • Governor Beshear’s orders can be found here.

Louisiana

Overview: Governor Edwards issued a stay-at-home order March 22, 2020, effective March 23, 2020, which was replaced with a Phase One order effective May 15, 2020 through June 5, 2020 and a Phase Two order effective June 5, 2020 through June 26, 2020.

Key Terms: 

  • Louisiana currently is under a state-wide stay-at-home order, though certain businesses have been permitted to reopen. Louisiana has also established an “OpenSafely” website which allows businesses to register to receive updated communications and guidance on reopening.
  • Social distancing is required to be maintained by businesses and individuals. All employees who have contact with the public are required to wear a mask.
  • Louisiana has not imposed travel restrictions or restrictions on incoming travelers.
  • Governor Edwards’ orders are available here. Additional resources are available here.

Municipal: City of New Orleans

Maine

Overview: On May 29, 2020, Governor Mills issued an order implementing a Restarting Plan.

Key Terms: 

  • Maine is currently implementing a Restarting Plan. Per Governor Mills’ order, gatherings of up to 50 people are permitted, the distinction between essential and non-essential businesses shall continue to be phased out, and the previous “Safer at Home” restrictions are eased.
  • Pursuant to the previous “Safer at Home” order and Restarting Plan, and consistent with the Maine CDC/DHHS tracking metrics, the Commissioner of the Department of Economic and Community Development (DECD) shall identify businesses and activities where current restrictions may be adjusted to safely allow for more economic and personal activity and may grant them conditional approval to operate.
  • Cloth face coverings must be worn in public settings, and employers in settings not typically accessible to the public may also require them.
  • Governor Mills’s orders are available here.

Municipal: Portland

Maryland

Overview: Governor Hogan’s March 30, 2020 stay-at-home order is being gradually eased, with the latest additional guidance issue in an order dated June 10, 2020, allowing the reopening of certain businesses.

Key Terms: 

  • On April 24, 2020, Governor Hogan released the “Maryland Strong Roadmap to Recovery” staged reopening plan.
  • All Non-Essential Businesses, defined with reference to the CISA Guidelines, are closed to the general public.
  • The Interpretative Guidance recommends that curbside pickup be prohibited at Non-Essential Businesses.
  • On June 10, 2020, Governor Hogan signed an additional order further easing the state’s restrictions, allowing retail to open at 50%, allowing malls to open as of 5:00 p.m. on June 19, 2020, and allowing restaurants to operate at 50% capacity.
  • Businesses which have reopened are subject to Face Covering requirements and other social distancing measures.
  • Governor Hogan’s orders can be found here.

Massachusetts

Overview: Governor Baker’s stay-at-home expired May 18, 2020.
Key Terms: 

  • Massachusetts has announced a preliminary Four-Phase Approach to reopening, with additional details provided in a “Reopening Massachusetts” report released May 18, 2020.
  • As of June 22, 2020, Massachusetts is in Phase 2, Step 2.
  • Business allowed to reopen are subject to sector-specific guidance, which is continually updated online.
  • On May 18, 2020, Massachusetts also released Guidance for industries on the reopening plan which specifies the phase in which certain industries may re-open.
  • Current guidance on Reopening Massachusetts may be found here.

Municipal: Nantucket

Michigan

Overview: Governor Whitmer’s stay-at-home order has been rescinded as of June 1, 2020.

Key Terms: 

  • Michigan’s regions are currently in Phase 4 and Phase 5 of its plan to reopen, as applicable, with the remaining Phase 4 regions expected to enter Phase 5 by July 4, 2020, though reopening has been delayed due to recent data.
  • As of April 24, 2020, non-essential retailers may offer curb-side pick-up.
  • As of May 7, 2020, construction, real-estate activities, and work that is traditionally and primarily performed outdoors has been permitted to resume.
  • As of May 11, 2020, manufacturing may resume.
  • As of June 1, 2020, non-essential businesses may reopen (work from home required if possible) with modifications.
  • As of June 4, 2020, retailers may reopen with modifications.
  • As of June 8, 2020, restaurants may reopen with modifications.
  • As of June 10, 2020, salons, movie theaters, and gyms may reopen with modifications in regions entering Phase 5 of Michigan’s plan to reopen.
  • Social distancing is required to be maintained by
    • workplaces, which are required to develop and implement practices for social distancing; and
    • individuals, who are required to wear face coverings.
  • Michigan has not imposed travel restrictions or restrictions on incoming travelers.
  • Governor Whitmer’s orders are available here. Additional resources related to workplace compliance are available here.

Minnesota

Overview: Governor Walz’s stay-at-home order expired May 17, 2020, at 11:59 p.m..

Key Terms: 

  • On June 5, 2020, Governor Walz signed a further order furthering a phased reopening plan. Masks and face coverings are strongly encouraged when any residents leave their homes, and indoor social gatherings of more than 10 people remain prohibited.
  • Workers and businesses may reopen, subject to requirements set forth in the order, including capacity restrictions depending on the type of business (restaurants).
  • Governor Walz’s orders are available here.

Mississippi

Overview: Mississippi’s “Safer at Home” order expired June 1, 2020, at 8:00 a.m. In its place, Governor Reeves issued a “Safe Return Order” which is currently effective until July 6, 2020.

Key Terms: 

  • Mississippi is currently under a statewide “Safe Return Order” in which all vulnerable individuals are encouraged to stay at home, but group gatherings are allow in varying numbers depending on location (indoor/outdoor) and degree of social distancing possible.
  • All businesses and non-profit entities may be open subject to limitations to minimize person to person interactions and risk of transmission of COVID-19, with more specific precautions specified in order.
  • Governor Reeves’s orders are available here.

Municipal: 

Missouri

Overview: On June 16, 2020, Missouri moved into Phase 2 of the “Show Me Strong Recovery Plan,” in which there is no statewide public health order. Missouri is fully open.

Key Terms: 

  • Missouri is fully open. Individuals and businesses are still encouraged to follow certain health guidelines available online.
  • Local officials still permitted to enact more stringent rules.

Municipal: 

Montana

Overview: Montana is in the midst of “Reopening the Big Sky,” a phased approach to reopening Montana.

Key Terms: 

  • Montana’s previous stay-at-home order has been replaced with a plan to allow phased reopening. The duration of each phase will be regularly evaluated in consultation with public health and emergency management professionals.
  • On May 19, 2020, Governor Bullock issued a directive implementing the second phase of re-opening Montana.
    • Effective June 1, gatherings in groups of up to 50 people are permissible.
    • Restaurants, bars, fitness centers, and other listed establishments may operate at 75% capacity.
  • The latest information is available at the online Joint Information Center.

Municipal: Less-restrictive local ordinances are preempted

Nebraska

Overview: While Governor Ricketts has not issued a stay-at-home order, he has announced a series of Directed Health Measures placing certain restrictions on businesses, restaurants, and gatherings, in jurisdictions affected by COVID-19.

Key Terms: 

  • Nebraska is currently in Phase III of a multi-phased plan to reopen the economy, with the exception of Dakota, Hall, Hamilton and Merrick, which remain in Phase II.
  • General gatherings are limited to the greater of 25 persons (excluding staff) or 25% of rated occupancy (not to exceed 3,000).
  • Restaurants and bars may reopen at 100% of the rated occupancy, with a maximum of eight persons per table.
  • Indoor gatherings are permitted up to 50% of rated capacity (not to exceed 10,000 persons).
  • Outdoor gatherings are permitted up to 75% rated capacity (not to exceed 10,000 persons).
  • Governor Ricketts’s executive orders are available here.

Nevada

Overview: Governor Sisolak’s stay-at-home order has been replaced with a plan to reopen the state.

Key Terms: 

  • Nevada is reopening under a plan to return to work using a phased approach, currently in Stage 2 and will remain in Stage 2 until the end of July.
  • Nevada currently permits essential businesses to keep physical operations open, including those (i) specified in the order exempted and (ii) designated by the Nevada Department of Public Safety, Division of Emergency Management.
  • Nevada permits non-essential businesses to continue to maintain minimum basic operations.
  • As of May 9, 2020, restaurants, hair care providers and retail have been permitted to reopen.
  • Casinos may reopen June 4, 2020.
  • Nevada has issued a travel advisory for incoming travelers.
  • Social distancing is required to be maintained by
    • businesses, with specific guidelines for grocery stores, which are required to limit occupancy, provide employees with face coverings and take other protective measures; and
    • individuals, who are required to wear face coverings.
  • Governor Sisolak’s orders are available here. Additional resources related to workplace compliance are available here. Additional resources related to reopening are available here.

New Hampshire

Overview: Governor Sununu’s stay-at-home order has been replaced by a plan to reopen the state economy. 

Key Terms: 

  • New Hampshire’s Governor’s Economic Re-Opening Taskforce has instituted a Stay at Home 2.0 plan to ease restrictions and begin reopening the New Hampshire economy.
  • Businesses will be allowed to reopen pursuant to industry-specific guidelines
  • All businesses allowed to reopen must adhere to Universal Guidelines including the following:
    • Require sick employees to stay home
    • Develop screening process for all employees
    • Promote frequent hand hygiene
    • Implement workplace cleaning and disinfection practices
    • Update Employee Illness Policy
  • Additional reopening guidance is available here.
  • Governor Sununu’s executive orders are available here.

New Jersey

Overview: Governor Murphy issued a stay-at-home order March 21, 2020, effective March 21, 2020, which was revoked on June 9, 2020.

Key Terms: 

  • New Jersey is under a plan to reopen, currently in Stage 1 and is expected to enter Stage 2 on Monday, June 15.
  • As of Monday 18, 2020, non-essential construction, non-essential retail (curbside pick-up only) and drive-in or drive-through recreational and entertainment events have been permitted to resume.
  • As of Monday, June 15, 2020, outdoor dining and in-person retail is expected to resume.
  • As of Monday, June 22, 2020, personal care services are expected to resume.
  • Critical in-office work is expected to resume in Stage 3, though no date has been set.
  • Resumption of indoor dining has been paused.
  • A full reopening list is available here.
  • Social distancing is required to be maintained by
    • workplaces, which are required to develop and implement practices for social distancing;
    • retail businesses, which are required to limit occupancy to 50%, install shields, provide employees with face coverings, require customers to wear face coverings and take other protective measures; and
    • individuals, who have been ordered to wear face coverings.
  • As of June 25, 2020, incoming travelers from states with significant community spread of COVID-19 are required to quarantine for 14 days. The list of such states, which is subject to change based on the data, is available here.
  • Governor Murphy’s orders are available here. Additional resources related to workplace compliance are available here.

New Mexico

Overview: Governor Grisham announced on March 23, 2020, a stay-at-home order by Secretary of Health Kunkel, effective March 24, 2020 at 8:00 a.m., currently effective through  July 15, 2020.

Key Terms: 

  • New Mexico is under a modified state-wide stay-at-home order , but has announced the All Together New Mexico Plan to gradually reopen the economy.
  • New Mexico currently allows essential businesses to remain open.
  • Any businesses not defined as essential business or recreational business may reopen provided the total number of persons in the business does not exceed 25% maximum capacity. Essential businesses may remain open, but, to the greatest extent possible, must minimize operations and staffing as much as possible, and must adhere to social distancing protocols, avoid person-to-person contact, and direct employees to wash their hands frequently. All essential businesses must ensure all surfaces are cleaned routinely.
  • Retail businesses may not allow a person who is without a face mask to enter the business premises.
  • Governor Grisham’s executive and public health orders are available here. Additional resources and frequently asked questions are available here.

New York

Overview: Governor Cuomo issued a stay-at-home order March 20, 2020, effective March 22, 2020, currently effective through June 27, 2020.

Key Terms: 

  • New York currently is under a state-wide stay-at-home order and has outlined a plan to reopen, which was modified as of May 14, 2020 to permit gradual reopening in accordance with New York’s plan to reopen.
  • Essential businesses may keep physical operations open, including those (i) specified in the initial order, (ii) specified in additional guidance and (iii) that have requested and received an exemption.
  • As of May 15, 2020, residential and commercial construction, non-essential retail (curbside pick-up and in-store pick up only), manufacturing, wholesale trade and agriculture were permitted to resume with modifications in certain New York regions entering Phase 1 of reopening. As of June 8, 2020, all New York regions have entered Phase 1 of reopening.
  • As of May 29, 2020, office-based workers, real estate services, in-store retail shopping and barbershop services were permitted to resume with modifications in certain New York regions entering Phase 2 of reopening. As of June 22, 2020, all New York regions have entered Phase 2 of reopening.
  • Social distancing is required to be maintained by
    • workplaces,
    • individuals, who have been ordered to wear face coverings.
  • As of June 25, 2020, incoming travelers from states with significant community spread of COVID-19 are required to quarantine for 14 days. The list of such states, which is subject to change based on the data, is available here.
  • Businesses may refuse entry to individuals not wearing face coverings.
  • Governor Cuomo’s orders are available here. Additional resources related to workplace compliance are available here. Additional resources related to reopening are available here.

North Carolina

Overview: Governor Cooper issued a stay-at-home order March 27, 2020, effective March 30, 2020, at 5:00 p.m., effective through May 8, 2020. Following the expiration of the stay-at-home order, North Carolina began a multi-phase reopening of its economy.

Key Terms: 

  • Beginning at 5:00 on May 22, 2020, North Carolina entered Phase 2 of a three-phase plan to reopen the economy.
  • On June 24, 2020, Governor Cooper extended the Phase 2 order through July 17, 2020.
  • During Phase 2, North Carolina citizens may leave their residences for any reason but are encouraged to follow social distancing protocols.
  • All businesses, except those identified in Section 8 of the Phase 2 order, may reopen. Such businesses that must remain closed include movie theaters, indoor exercise facilities, gaming establishments, etc.
  • Retail, restaurants, and other establishments must adhere to Core Signage, Screening and Sanitation Requirements.
  • All citizens are required to wear face coverings in certain settings, as specified in the modified Phase 2 order, including in retail businesses, in restaurants, in high density-occupational settings, etc.
  • Governor Cooper’s executive orders are available here.

North Dakota

Overview: While Governor Burgum has not issued a stay-at-home order, he has announced a series of executive orders placing certain restrictions on businesses, restaurants, etc. 

Key Terms: 

Ohio

Overview: Ohio is currently under an Urgent Health Advisory.  Businesses are gradually being permitted to reopen pursuant to the RestartOhio Plan.  

Key Terms:  

  • Ohio’s previous state-wide stay-at-home order has been replaced by the Ohioans Protecting Ohioans Urgent Health Advisory. This health advisory lifts restrictions requiring Ohioans to stay at home and lifts the overall travel restrictions and quarantine requirements if someone travels to Ohio.
  • Ohio’s RestartOhio Plan details the guidelines for businesses to reopen.
  • Ohio currently permits Essential Businesses and Operations to keep physical operations open including those (i) exempted under the CISA Guidelines, or (ii) designated in the order.
  • Ohio currently permits non-essential businesses to maintain Minimum Basic Operations.
  • Businesses allowed to keep physical operations open must follow Social Distancing Requirements, where possible, including:
    • Maintaining six feet of distancing between employees and customers.
    • Providing hand sanitizer and sanitizing products readily available to employees and customers.
    • Implementing separate operating hours for elderly and vulnerable customers
    • Posting online whether a facility is open and how best to reach the facility and continue services by phone or remotely.
  • Governor DeWine’s executive and public health orders are available here.

Oklahoma

Overview: Governor Stitt eased stay-home restrictions effective April 24, 2020, directing businesses and citizens to adhere to the statewide Open Up and Recover Safely (OURS) Plan. 

Key Terms: 

  • Governor Stitt announced a multi-phase plan to begin reopening businesses starting April 24, 2020.
  • Oklahoma currently permits essential businesses to keep physical operations open, including those (i) exempted under the CISA Guidelines, or (ii) defined as essential by the Oklahoma Department of Commerce .
  • Oklahoma has imposed restrictions on incoming travelers from areas with substantial community spread of COVID-19, including the New York Tri-State area, Washington, California and Louisiana. Such travelers are directed to quarantine for a period of 14 days.
  • Governor Stitt’s executive orders are available here. Additional resources related to workplace compliance are available here.

Oregon

Overview: Governor Brown’s stay-at-home order was replaced on May 15, 2020, with an order implementing a phased approach to re-opening Oregon’s economy.

Key Terms: 

  • Oregon has eased certain restrictions under the previously issued state-wide stay-at-home order and has implemented a phased approach to re-opening the economy.
  • Retail businesses are allowed to re-open but must comply with any applicable Oregon Health Authority
  • Businesses for which close personal contact is difficult to avoid must remain closed, including arcades, barber shops, hair salons, gyms and fitness studios, skating rinks, theaters, and yoga studios.
  • For business allowed to keep physical operations open, work in offices is prohibited whenever telework and work-at-home options are available. When telework and work-from-home options are not available, businesses must designate an employee or officer to establish, implement, and enforce social distancing policies, consistent with guidance from the Oregon Health Authority.
  • Governor Brown’s executive orders are available here.

Pennsylvania

Overview: Governor Wolf issued a stay-at-home order March 19, 2020, effective March 19, 2020, which expired June 4, 2020.

Key Terms:  

  • As of June 19, 2020, 54 counties are in the green phase of reopening and 13 are in the yellow phase of Pennsylvania’s plan to reopen.
  • As of May 8, 2020, businesses moving into the yellow phase of reopening were permitted to reopen with modifications (though telework must continue if feasible). Retail stores were permitted to reopen (in person non-essential retail permitted, though curbside pick-up delivery are preferable).
  • On May 29, 2020, restaurants and bars, hair salons, gyms, spas, casinos, theaters and shopping malls in counties entering the green phase will be permitted to reopen with restrictions.
  • Social distancing is required to be maintained by
    • businesses, which are required to develop and implement practices for social distancing and are required to provide face coverings to employees; and
    • individuals, who have been required to wear face coverings in stores and in public spaces.
  • Governor Wolf’s orders are available here. Additional resources related to workplace compliance are available here. Additional resources related to reopening are available here.

Municipalities: 

Puerto Rico

Overview: Puerto Rico allowed almost all businesses to reopen June 12, 2020. 

Key Terms: 

  • Businesses must meet social distancing, occupancy, and cleaning requirements (see OE-2020-048, outlining detailed industry-specific requirements).
  • Employers must submit an Exposure Control Plan and a self-certification to the Puerto Rico Department of Labor prior to reestablishing operations (see OE-2020-048).
  • Masks are required in public and inside businesses.
  • There is a curfew from 10 P.M. to 5 A.M. each day through July 22, 2020, except for Essential Workers (see OE-2020-048).
  • Beginning July 15, 2020, all visitors travelling to Puerto Rico must test negative 72 hours before arrival or must quarantine for two weeks upon arrival (see forthcoming OE-2020-52).
  • Governor Vázquez Garced’s orders can be found here

Rhode Island

Overview: On May 9, 2020, Governor Raimondo lifted the stay-at-home order, leaving certain restrictions in place.

Key Terms: 

  • Rhode Island is currently in Phase 3 of a three-phase plan to re-open the economy until July 29, 2020.
  • Indoor and outdoor venues of assembly, including convention centers, concert halls, festivals, etc., may operate at up to 66% of capacity, or 1 person per 100 square feet, to a cap of 125 people for indoor venues and 250 people for outdoor venues.
  • Office-based businesses are permitted to allow 66% of workers to work on site, as long as physical distancing standards and other Phase III guidance are adhered to.
  • Retail businesses are permitted to allow 1 customer per 100 square feet of store area open to customers.
  • Restaurants are permitted to allow indoor dining up to 66% of the establishment’s regular seating capacity. Bars may reopen for seated service subject to the same capacity limitations.
  • Businesses allowed to open physical operations are subject to certain guidelines:
    • Businesses must provide, at their own expense, cloth face coverings for employees to wear unless their employees are able to maintain at least six (6) feet of distance from other employees.
    • Customer facing businesses must take steps to require customers to wear face coverings.
  • Rhode Island has imposed restrictions on incoming travelers from any international location or domestic location that has imposed stay-at-home restrictions due to COVID-19. Such travelers must self-quarantine for 14 days.
  • Governor Raimondo’s executive orders are available here.

South Carolina

Overview: Governor McMaster lifted the state’s order effective May 4, 2020, but certain restrictions and non-essential business closures remain in effect.    

Key Terms: 

  • South Carolina’s state-wide Home or Work Order has been lifted, although citizens are encouraged to continue to limit their movements outside of their home and certain non-essential businesses must remain closed.
  • South Carolina currently permits Essential Business and Critical Infrastructure Operations to remain open.
  • Beginning May 18, South Carolina allowed for the re-opening of additional previously deemed non-essential businesses, including gyms, nail salons, spas and barbershops.
  • Businesses allowed to keep physical operations open are subject to certain restrictions:
    • Emergency Maximum Occupancy Rate: maximum occupancy must be limited to five customers per 1,000 square feet of retail space, or twenty percent (20%) of the occupancy limit as determined by the fire marshal, whichever is less.
    • Social Distancing Practices: businesses must not knowingly allow customers to congregate within six (6) feet of one another.
  • Sanitation: business must implement all reasonable steps to comply with sanitation guidelines promulgated by the CDC, DHEC or any other state or federal public health officials.
  • Governor McMaster’s executive orders are available here.

South Dakota

Overview: Governor Noem rescinded the order restricting certain retail businesses and South Dakota is under a “back to normal” plan as of April 28, 2020. 

Key Terms: 

  • South Dakota rescinded its order restricting certain businesses, with a “back to normal” plan released on April 28, 2020.
  • South Dakota has not imposed travel restrictions or restrictions on incoming travelers.
  • Governor Noem’s executive orders are available here.

Tennessee

Overview: Governor Lee’s stay at home order expired with most businesses allowed to reopen, effective April 29, 2020.

Key Terms: 

  • Tennessee’s stay-at-home order expired on April 30, and, although a phased reopening plan began with restaurants on April 27, most businesses are now allowed to reopen as of April 29.
  • Six counties – Shelby, Madison, Davidson, Hamilton, Knox and Sullivan – may continue to follow individual, county-specific reopening plans created in consultation with State and local health departments.
  • On-site dining at restaurants is no longer prohibited so long as restaurants operate in accordance with ERG guidelines and operations are not otherwise restricted by locally run health departments in Davidson, Hamilton, Knox, Madison, Shelby, or Sullivan Counties.
  • Businesses may reopen so long as they are compliant with applicable Health and ERG Guidelines.
  • Tennessee has rescinded its prior travel restrictions or restrictions on incoming travelers.
  • Governor Lee’s executive orders are available here, with guidelines for reopened businesses can be found here (see links to guidelines in left-hand side panel, under “Economic Recovery” heading).

Municipality:

Texas

Overview: Governor Abbott issued a statewide order March 31, 2020, effective April 2, 2020, at 12:01 a.m., currently effective until amended or rescinded, and with specified services permitted to reopen.

Key Terms:  

  • Texas is under an order requiring individuals to “minimize social gatherings and minimize in-person contact,” but has released a phased reopening plan that began with certain nonessential retail on April 17.
  • Texas had expanded its reopening plan into Phase III, with all businesses in Texas able to operate at up to 50% capacity, with very limited exceptions.
  • As of June 25, Texas will pause any further phases to open Texas as the state responds to the recent increase in positive COVID-19 cases and hospitalizations, with businesses that were authorized to open under the previous phases permitted to continue operations unless such authorization was modified in Governor Abbott’s subsequent June 26 order.
  • All bars and similar establishments that receive more than 51% of their gross receipts from the sale of alcoholic beverages were required to close dine-in services on June 26.
  • Beginning June 29, restaurant capacity must not exceed 50% of the total listed indoor occupancy.
  • All opened services and activities are required to comply with designated occupancy levels and DSHS minimum standard health protocols.
  • Governor Abbott has expanded the ability of mayors and county judges to impose restrictions on outdoor gatherings of over 100 people.
  • Texas terminated its travel restrictions or restrictions on incoming travelers.
  • Governor Abbott’s executive orders are available here.

Municipality:

Utah

Overview: Governor Herbert rescinded Utah’s stay-at home “directive” and issued an order implementing “Phased Guidelines” for individuals and businesses April 29, 2020, effective May 1, 2020, currently effective through July 3, 2020.

Key Terms: 

  • Utah is no longer under its stay-at-home directive, but businesses and individuals are required to comply with the Yellow or Low Health Risk Status provisions of the “Phased Guidelines,” as described and incorporated into the order.
  • Salt Lake City remains in the Orange or Medium Health Risk Status provisions of the “Phased Guidelines.”
  • Kane County has been moved to the Green or Normal Health Risk Status provisions of the “Phased Guidelines.”
  • As of June 19, Beaver, Daggett, Duchesne, Emery, Garfield, Millard, Piute, Uintah and Wayne Counties were moved to the Green or Normal Health Risk Status provisions of the “Phased Guidelines.”
  • Utah’s travel declaration form requirement expired May 1, 2020, but individuals must still quarantine 14 days upon return from CDC-classified high-risk areas under the State’s Phased Guidelines for Moderate and Low Risks.
  • Governor Herbert’s executive orders are available here.

Municipalities:

Vermont

Overview: Governor Scott issued a stay-at-home order March 24, 2020, effective immediately, currently effective through July 15, 2020 and incorporating all current re-openings and eased restrictions.

Key Terms: 

  • Vermont is under a stay-at home order in which all individuals must stay at home except for “essential reasons” as defined in the order, with a phased reopening plan that began April 20.
  • All businesses must also suspend in-person business operations, except for businesses “providing services or functions deemed critical to public health and safety, as well as economic and national security,” as defined in the order and in accordance with Vermont Agency of Commerce and Community Development (ACCD) Guidance.
  • Effective June 8, restaurants and bars may reopen for limited indoor dining pursuant to requirements in the order and ACCD guidance.
  • Effective June 26, restaurants, catering, food service, and bars may allow 50 percent of fire safety occupancy or 1 person per 100 square feet, with a maximum of 75 people indoors and 150 people outdoors.
  • The Vermont Occupational Safety and Health Agency has developed a health and safety training that must be completed by all employees and documented by businesses in operation, no later than May 4, with businesses that suspended operations for 7 or more days under the stay-at-home order required to have an augmented training plan on file prior to reopening, as described in the order.
  • Vermont has imposed travel restrictions or restrictions on incoming travelers but with interstate travel now authorized to and from New England and New York counties with 400 or fewer active COVID-19 cases per million without quarantine requirements, along with travel to and from Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia and West Virginia, as well as the District of Columbia.
  • Governor Scott’s executive orders are available here.
  • Restart status for all sectors and all related guidance can be viewed here.

Virginia

Overview: Governor Northam’s stay-at-home order expired but restrictions are still in place pursuant to the State’s phased reopening plan, effective June 5 and currently effective until amended or rescinded.

Key Terms:  

  • The state’s original stay-at-home order was supplemented with a general phased reopening plan and then replaced with an order by which most of Virginia moved to Phase II on June 5, and with Northern Virginia and the City of Richmond entering Phase II on June 12.
  • Virginia moved into Phase III on July 1.
  • Phase III increased the maximum number of individuals allowed in social gatherings from 50 to 250 people, restaurant and beverage establishments are required to maintain six feet of distance between tables, fitness centers are able to open indoor areas at 75 percent occupancy, and recreation and entertainment venues are able to operate at 50 percent occupancy, or a maximum of 1,000 persons.
  • Bar seating remains prohibited in restaurants under Phase III.
  • All businesses still need to continue to follow physical distancing guidelines, frequently clean and sanitize high contact surfaces, and keep enhanced workplace safety measures in place, pursuant to its specific sector-related Phase III guidelines.
  • Virginians are required to wear face coverings in public indoor settings, effective May 29.
  • Virginia has not imposed travel restrictions or restrictions on incoming travelers.
  • Governor Northam’s executive orders are available here.
  • Phase Three guidelines can be found here.
  • Phase Two guidelines for specific sectors can be found here.
  • Phase One guidelines sectors are available here.

Washington

Overview: Governor Inslee issued a stay-at-home order March 23, 2020, effective immediately, and currently effective through July 9, 2020, with a phased reopening that began May 5, 2020.

Key Terms: 

  • Washington is under a stay-at-home order, which was extended to July 9, with a phased reopening plan that officially began on May 5, 2020 and has since transitioned to a county-by-county approach.
  • As of June 27, Washington has paused county progressions to Phase 4.
  • When on the job, all employees must wear a facial covering except when working alone or when the job has no in-person interaction as detailed in the reopening plan; employers must provide these cloth facial coverings to employees.
  • Beginning June 26, every Washingtonian must wear a facial covering when in a public space.
  • Washington has not imposed travel restrictions or restrictions on incoming travelers.
  • Governor Inslee’s executive orders are available here. All of the Governor’s reopening guidance for businesses and workers can be found here.
  • Governor Inslee has encouraged local governments to use its Safe Start Reopening Guide as a resource as they work to develop their own Safe Start plans for reopening.

West Virginia

Overview: Governor Justice’s stay-at-home order was replaced with a safer-at-home order April 30, 2020, effective May 4, 2020, until terminated by subsequent executive order.

Key Terms: 

  • West Virginia is now under a safer-at-home order, with a phased reopening plan that began on April 30 with certain health care operations and to continue with additional businesses being allowed to reopen over the course of 10 weeks – the State is currently in week 10 of its reopening plan.
  • Businesses included in each phase of the reopening plan are not required to resume operations on any specific date; the plan provides the option for reopening, not a requirement.
  • Bars (indoor bars at 50% capacity and outdoor bars) and other week 5 businesses were permitted to reopen on May 26, subject to their business-specific reopening guidelines.
  • No counties remain on the hotspot list.
  • West Virginia has rescinded its travel restrictions on incoming travelers.
  • Governor Justice’s executive orders are available here.
  • All reopening guidelines can be found here.

Wisconsin

Overview: As of May 13, 2020, the Wisconsin Supreme Court overturned its stay-at-home order, which is no longer valid or enforceable.

Key Terms: 

  • Wisconsin was under a stay-at-home order, with a phased reopening plan. However, absent a local order to the contrary, businesses are no longer bound by the restrictions in the state order and are not required to cease operations any longer. The Wisconsin Supreme Court overturned the state order on May 13, deeming it unlawful, invalid, and unenforceable.
  • Wisconsin has not imposed travel restrictions or restrictions on incoming travelers.

Municipalities: 

Wyoming

Overview: Two statewide public health orders were updated, effective May 15, 2020, to reopen certain businesses that were previously required to close and ease restrictions on reopened businesses; gatherings remain limited.

Key Terms: 

  • Wyoming has restricted certain business operations, with specified businesses authorized to reopen beginning May 1, with restrictions further loosened as of May 15 and currently effective through July 15.
  • Restaurants that offer indoor and outdoor dining service, along with movie theaters and performance venues, are allowed to reopen under specific conditions, as reflected in the updated order.
  • Gatherings of more than 50 people are still prohibited, with an exception for sporting events, rodeos and other similar events as detailed in the order, which will be permitted to have up to 250 spectators in attendance, in addition to the event participants, and indoor events of up to 250 persons with social distancing and increased sanitization measures in place as detailed in the order.
  • Wyoming no longer imposes travel restrictions or restrictions on incoming travelers.
  • Governor Gordon’s executive orders are available here.

Municipal: