Chilton Varner has 30 years of courtroom experience as a trial lawyer defending corporations in product liability, business torts, contract and other commercial disputes. She is the senior partner in King & Spalding’s product liability practice that was selected by The American Lawyer in January 2012 as one of the top three product liability practices in the nation and by Chambers USA each year since 2005 as one of the best in the country. Based on interviews with peers and clients, Chambers USA for the past nine years has listed Ms. Varner as one of a small number of Band One product liability lawyers in the country. In 2015, Chambers also listed Ms. Varner in Band One of Trial Lawyers (nationally) and Band One of Georgia commercial litigators. In 2012, Benchmark honored Ms. Varner as Georgia’s Litigator of the Year and in 2013 and 2014, as one of the top ten women litigators nationally. She was selected by Chambers as a national finalist for Woman Litigator of the Year in 2012. Law360 recognized Ms. Varner twice in 2011-12, first, as one of ten “MVPs” in product liability, and second, as one of the top 15 women litigators in the country. In 2015, Law360 named her to a short list of “trial aces” recognized for actual courtroom experience and success. U.S. News and Best Lawyers listed her as a “leading lawyer” in products liability and mass tort defense in 2012, as Lawyer of the Year for Appellate Litigation in her region in 2011, as Lawyer of the Year for “Bet the Company” Litigation in 2013, and as Lawyer of the Year for Mass Torts and Class Actions (Defendant) in 2014. In 2012, BTI Consulting Group recognized Ms. Varner as one of only three lawyers in the country providing the most outstanding client service, based on a survey of corporate counsel at large and Fortune 1000 companies.
Ms. Varner completed her 2012-13 term as President of the American College of Trial Lawyers, an organization that selects the best of the trial bar as its members.
Ms. Varner was appointed by Chief Justice Rehnquist in 2004 and re-appointed by Chief Justice Roberts in 2007 to the Federal Civil Rules Advisory Committee, where she participated in the Committee’s drafting of amendments governing electronic discovery and changes to the Rules governing summary judgment, expert discovery, and information-gathering from third parties and corporate executives.
Ms. Varner has served as trial and appellate counsel for a number of the country’s largest pharmaceutical, medical device and automotive manufacturers. She is experienced in mass tort litigation, class actions and MDL litigation, including the complex issues of discovery, attorney-client privilege and Daubert challenges to expert testimony that accompany such suits.
Examples of Ms. Varner’s Trial Practice.
- In April, 2013, Ms. Varner won a unanimous jury verdict on behalf of Merck in the first bellwether case (selected by plaintiffs) to be tried in MDL litigation in New Jersey, in which plaintiffs allege Merck’s osteoporosis drug Fosamax causes atypical femur fractures. In an unusual turn, Ms. Varner then won the case a second time, on a legal motion based on federal preemption of failure-to-warn claims, that the Court had continued until after the trial record was complete. Ms. Varner serves as co-lead counsel for Merck in the MDL.
- In September, 2011, Ms. Varner tried and won a bellwether case in an MDL litigation in the Southern District of New York in which plaintiffs allege Merck’s osteoporosis drug Fosamax causes osteonecrosis of the jaw. The case, one selected by the Plaintiffs’ Steering Committee for trial, lasted four weeks and resulted in a finding of no defect and a unanimous verdict for Merck. In another bellwether trial in the same MDL in January, 2013, Ms. Varner obtained a split verdict and low damages. The second case was settled as part of a global resolution while it was being appealed to the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.
- Ms. Varner represents GlaxoSmithKline as national coordinating counsel and lead trial counsel in product liability litigation involving GSK’s antidepressant Paxil. In September-October 2009, she tried to verdict plaintiffs’ first choice of several hundred cases in the Pennsylvania Mass Tort Program that allege that ingestion of Paxil in the first trimester of pregnancy produces birth defects in the fetus. The jury in the Philadelphia Court of Common Pleas found for plaintiff 10-2, but awarded compensatory damages in an amount less than actual medical expenses. The jury rejected plaintiffs’ claim for punitive damages. Ms. Varner tried and won a second birth defect case in the same court in November 2010, when the court entered judgment at the close of plaintiffs’ proof. Ms. Varner has also been successful in defeating certification of both state and national classes of Paxil consumers on consumer fraud, medical monitoring and personal injury allegations. The MDL Court’s decisions, In Re Paxil Prods. Liab. Litig., 218 F.R.D. 242, 2003 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 21195 and 212 F.R.D. 539, 2003 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 1936, have been referred to as part of the “big four” pharmaceutical cases on denial of class certification in medical monitoring and consumer fraud cases. See In Re Prempro Prods. Liab. Lit., 2005 WL 2094974 (E.D. Ark., Aug. 30, 2005). In 2012, Benchmark selected the Paxil litigation as “Case of the Year” for Georgia practitioners.
- In June, 2008, Ms. Varner represented GSK in one of the first three cases tried to a jury verdict in the nationwide Average Wholesale Price litigation, State of Alabama v. SmithKline Beecham, d/b/a GlaxoSmithKline, Civil Action No. CV-2005-219.68, and the first in which no punitive damages were awarded. The State, represented by one of Alabama’s leading contingency fee lawyers, sued virtually every pharmaceutical company, including GSK, alleging fraud in the reporting of prices for drugs covered under the Medicaid program. In 2009 the Supreme Court of Alabama rendered judgment in GSK’s favor on all counts in an opinion identified as the most important of 2009 by the Drug & Medical Device blog. http://druganddevicelaw.blogspot.com/2009_12_01_archive.html.
- Ms. Varner currently serves as national coordinating co-counsel and lead trial counsel for Purdue Pharma in product liability litigation over Purdue’s pain medication OxyContin. More than 400 cases have been dismissed without payment, most with prejudice, several on the eve of trial. There have been 24 summary judgments in favor of Purdue and class certification has been denied 10 times.
- For General Motors, Ms. Varner in one 2-1/2-year period obtained jury verdicts for the defense in four cases involving catastrophic injury or death and settled a fifth while the jury was deliberating.
- Ms. Varner has been admitted pro hac vice in the courts of Alabama, Tennessee, Louisiana, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, Maryland, Mississippi, Texas, Oklahoma, New York, Missouri, California, Kentucky, Utah, West Virginia, Virginia, Illinois, Arkansas, Wyoming, Connecticut, Indiana, Ohio, Kansas, Wisconsin, New Jersey, Arizona, Pennsylvania and Oregon.
Examples of Ms. Varner’s Appellate Practice.
- Ms. Varner has an active appellate practice and has often been invited to participate in cases after an adverse result below. She has successfully argued appeals in the Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth and Eleventh Circuits and the Supreme Courts of Florida, Alabama, and Georgia. On behalf of General Motors, she argued in Alabama and Mississippi the appeals of the largest product liability verdicts ever awarded at the time.
- In 2011, after a peer review survey, Best Lawyers named Ms. Varner Appellate Lawyer of the Year in her region.
- As lead appellate counsel, Ms. Varner has obtained successful results in a number of federal decisions. Examples:
- Ms. Varner successfully represented intervenor Shell as lead counsel for both briefing and oral argument in Gulf Restoration Network, Inc. v. Salazar and Defenders of Wildlife v. Bureau of Ocean Energy Management Regulation and Enforcement, 684 F.3d 1242 (11th Cir. 2012), two suits brought by environmental organizations in the first challenge to post-Deepwater Horizon drilling permits for off-shore exploration in the Gulf of Mexico. The Eleventh Circuit denied the two petitions for review, finding the federal agency had taken the Deepwater Horizon event into adequate consideration, particularly given Shell’s compliance with new, more rigorous regulations for drilling in the Gulf.
- Colacicco v. Apotex and GlaxoSmithKline, 432 F.Supp. 2d 514 (E.D. Pa. 2006), aff’d, 521 F.3d 253 (3rd Cir. 2008). Ms. Varner was lead counsel for defendants in the first pro-preemption decision involving prescription drugs to be handed down by a federal appeals court. When the U.S. Supreme Court later decided Wyeth v. Levine, it also vacated Colacicco for reconsideration by the lower courts. GSK then obtained summary judgment in the trial court on state law grounds. That result was not appealed.
- United States v. SabreTech, Inc., 271 F.3d 1018 (11th Cir. 2001). In May 2001, Ms. Varner, retained after judgment, briefed and argued the appeal in the Eleventh Circuit of a criminal conviction of SabreTech, Inc., an aircraft maintenance company found guilty of violations of various hazardous materials regulations that allegedly caused the highly-publicized crash of a ValuJet plane in the Everglades in 1996. In October 2001, the Court of Appeals reversed eight counts of conviction as well as millions of dollars in restitution and fines on grounds that the hazardous materials regulations at issue had not been properly promulgated under the Federal Aviation Act -- an issue of first impression.
- Piamba Cortes v. American Airlines, Inc. 177 F.3d 1272 (11th Cir. 1999). Retained after judgment, Ms. Varner succeeded in reversing a district court opinion granting summary judgment on liability in favor of plaintiffs that lifted the Warsaw Convention’s limitation on damages for 150 plaintiffs arising out of American’s Cali, Colombia air crash in December 1995. The case made new law on the definition of “willful misconduct” under the Convention. The result allowed successful resolution of the multiple claims by plaintiffs and claims for contribution by third-party plaintiffs.
- Ms. Varner is well-known to the judges of the Eleventh Circuit and the Northern District of Georgia. She has co-chaired the program of the Eleventh Circuit Judicial Conference three times, served as a Member of the Program Committee for three other conferences, and participated as a panelist and focus group leader in four conferences. The Eleventh Circuit asked her to serve as its representative at the Federal Judicial Center’s First National Conference on Eliminating Racial, Gender and Ethnic Bias in the Courts. She is a trustee of the Eleventh Circuit Historical Society.
- Ms. Varner has appeared frequently in the Georgia appellate courts. She and her colleagues succeeded in 1993 in reversing the largest verdict in the history of the state at the time, in Moseley v. General Motors, 213 Ga. App. 875, 447 S.E.2d 302 (1994) and she represented ServiceMaster, a large conglomerate, in overturning a $45 million punitive damages verdict in a case over disputed sales commissions. She represented Ford Motor Company in seeking reversal in the Georgia Supreme Court of a $12 million wrongful death verdict involving a post-collision fire. Gibson v. Ford Motor Co., 659 S.E.2d 346 (2008).
- Ms. Varner has an active amicus practice. She has authored more than twenty-five briefs for the Product Liability Advisory Council, a consortium of over 100 major product manufacturers formed to file amicus briefs on critical issues of product liability. Her work includes a brief in Shelton v. American Motors, 805 F.2d 1323 (8th Cir. 1986), where the Court of Appeals adopted a landmark test proposed by PLAC (not by American Motors) limiting the availability of depositions of in-house counsel. She has authored briefs for PLAC in the U.S. Supreme Court in Semtek International Incorporated v. Lockheed Martin Corporation, 531 U.S. 497 (2001), Cooper Industries, Inc. v. Leatherman Tool Group, Inc., 532 U.S. 424 (2001) and Hanna Steel Co. v. Lowery, 483 F.2d 1184 (2007).
Ms. Varner’s Service to the Bar.
- In 2004, Ms. Varner was appointed by Chief Justice William Rehnquist to the Federal Civil Rules Advisory Committee. She was reappointed for a second term by Chief Justice Roberts in 2007.
- Ms. Varner serves on the Editorial Board of Moore’s Federal Practice, a leading treatise on federal court litigation.
- Ms. Varner has twice participated in the United Kingdom-United States Legal Exchange. She was a member of the twelve-member American delegation to the 2004-2005 Exchange, along with U.S. Supreme Court Justices Breyer, Scalia and O’Connor, three other federal and state judges and six practitioners. The delegation met with British counterparts in London in 2004 and in Washington in 2005 to present papers and discuss issues concerning Anglo-American law. She also attended the first session of the 2015-16 Exchange in London in September 2015, as a member of the U.S. delegation, along with U.S. Supreme Court Justices Ginsburg, Alito and Breyer, Chief Judge Diane Wood of the Seventh Circuit, Judge Neil Gorsuch of the Tenth Circuit, and Judge Lee Rosenthal of the Southern District of Texas. Ms. Varner has represented the American College of Trial Lawyers as chief planner of the 2015-16 Exchange.
- Ms. Varner speaks regularly on women’s issues. For example, she was one of the panelists who introduced a program in New York City sponsored by the Association of the Bar of the City of New York and the ABA Section of Product Liability, entitled “Women in Product Liability.” She has also taught a session of the Temple University Graduate Program in Litigation on “Women as Trial Lawyers,” and gave the Kolsby Distinguished Lecture in Trial Advocacy at Temple University Law School in 2014. She has presented similar programs for her clients.
- Ms. Varner was the 2007 recipient of the Learned Hand Award from the Atlanta Chapter of the American Jewish Committee and the 2007 recipient of the Product Liability Advisory Council’s John Raleigh Award. Both awards recognize professionalism and distinguished service as a lawyer.
Ms. Varner’s Publications.
Ms. Varner has published on areas of interest in her practice, including:
- Varner and Pratt: The Product Regulation and Liability Review (an introductory handbook to the international law of product liability), Law Business Research, 2014;
- Varner and Bayman: Regulation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers, Law Journal Press, 2010;
- Varner and Devereaux: chapter entitled “Food and Drug” in the encyclopedic Business and Commercial Litigation in Federal Courts, (3d ed.) Section of Litigation, American Bar Association, 2012;
- J. Baron, C. Varner and Hon. J. Facciola, “E-Discovery and the Problem of Asymmetric Knowledge,” Vol. 60, No. 3 (Spring 2009), 60 MERCER L. REV. No. 3 (Spring 2009) 863-896;
- C. Varner, M. Harman and C.K. Rowland, “Emerging Jury Issues” in Product Liability Litigation: Current Law, Strategies and Best Practices, Practising Law Institute (2009);
- Varner, Devereaux, et al.: Trends in U.S. Product Liability Litigation, PLC Cross-Border Life Sciences Handbook (2007-08);
- Varner, Devereaux and Bunn: Update on Preemption in Pharmaceutical Product Liability Cases, International Who’s Who of Product Liability Lawyers (2007);
- Lavin and Varner: Silent Advocacy: A Practical Primer for the Trial Attorney (2006);
- Varner, Justice Holland and Lord Scott of Foscote, "The Role of 'Extra-Compensatory' Damages for Violations of Fundamental Human Rights in the United Kingdom and the United States," Virginia Journal of International Law, Spring 2006;
- Varner: “Liability Issues with Papanicolaou Smears: A Defense Lawyer’s Perspective,” ARCHIVES of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine (1997);
- Varner and Griffin: "Appellate Handbook for Georgia Lawyers," Lawyers Cooperative Publishing (1994 and subsequent yearly editions);
- Bell, Varner and Gottschalk: “Automatic Disclosure and Discovery -- The Rush to Reform,” 27 Ga. L. Rev. 1 (Fall 1992) (with former Attorney-General Griffin Bell, discussing amendments to Federal Rule 26 requiring voluntary disclosure).
- In every year since 2003, Chambers USA: Guide to America’s Leading Business Lawyers has recognized Ms. Varner as a leader of the trial bar in commercial litigation, product liability and trial practice.
- LMG Life Sciences named Ms. Varner a “Life Sciences Star” in 2013 (“one of the most recognizable names in life sciences product liability”).
- Ms. Varner has been named for the 21st year in Best Lawyers in America. Ms. Varner has been recognized in the specialties of Appellate Law, Bet-the-Company Litigation, Commercial Litigation, Mass Tort Litigation and Class Actions, Personal Injury Litigation, and Product Liability Litigation. She has also been recognized as a leading lawyer by American Lawyer/Corporate Counsel, , The Legal 500 (2011-13), Law Dragon, and Who’s Who.
- Ms. Varner served as President of the American College of Trial Lawyers in 2012-13. She was elected to the College in 1995, a recognition requiring scrutiny by independent state-wide and national groups of her record as a courtroom lawyer. She chaired the College’s Committee on Attorney-Client Relationships from 2002-2005, served on the Board of Regents of the College since 2005, and served on the Executive Committee of the College from 2009-2014.
- Ms. Varner is a member of the Product Liability Advisory Council, a national consortium of product manufacturers. She was the first outside counsel to serve on PLAC’s executive committee (1991-94). For the past ten years she has served as a member of PLAC’s Case Selection Committee, which determines the cases in which PLAC will file amicus briefs.
Ms. Varner’s Education and Background.
- Ms. Varner is a native of Opelika, Alabama, a town of 15,000 people. She is a Phi Beta Kappa graduate of Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts. She joined King & Spalding after receiving her J.D., with distinction, Order of the Coif, from Emory University School of Law. In 1983, she became the first woman partner in the Litigation Practice Group at King & Spalding. In 1995, she became the first woman elected to the firm’s management committee. She has served as a trustee of Emory University from 1995-2013 (she currently is an emeritus trustee), a director of The Carter Center beginning in 2012, a director of Wesley Woods Geriatric Center from 1996-2007, and a director of the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra from 2005-2012. She currently serves on the Board of Directors for Brown & Brown, Inc. (the nation’s seventh largest insurance brokerage firm). She is married to K. Morgan Varner, an attorney, and has one daughter, Ashley, who is an oncology social worker at Anne Arundel Medical Center, Annapolis, Maryland.